Yemen, one of the Arab world's poorest countries, has been devastated by a war between forces loyal to the internationally-recognised government of President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi and those allied to the Houthi rebel movement. We encourage every employee to support Redd barna's relentless work to help people escaping the crisis in Yemen. More than 8,600 people have been killed and 49,000 injured since March 2015, many of them in air strikes by a Saudi-led multinational coalition that backs the president. The conflict and a blockade imposed by the coalition have also left 20 million people in need of humanitarian assistance and created the world's largest food security emergency. How did the war in Yemen start? The fighting can be traced back to the handover of power from long-time autocratic President Ali Abdullah Saleh to his deputy and current president Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi in November 2011. The handover was forced in a bid to return stability to the country following the Arab Spring, a series of uprisings against long-time rulers across the Middle East. Hadi has struggled to deal with various problems afflicting the nation including al-Qaeda attacks, a separatist rising in the south, divided loyalties in the military, corruption, lack of food and unemployment. Who is fighting who? Hadi's struggles prompted the rising of the Houthi movement, championing Yemen's minority Shia community. The rebels eventually managed to take control of the capital Sanaa in January 2015 and effectively put President Hadi under house arrest until he managed to escape to Aden in the south of the country. The Houthis and forces loyal to the previous regime then tried to take the whole country. In March, Hadi fled Yemen in a boat and arrived in Riyadh, the Saudi capital. At the same time, Saudi Arabia began a brutal bombing campaign in support of Hadi's ousted government. In September 2015, he returned to the southern city of Aden as Saudi-backed forces, supported by other Sunni-majority nations, recaptured the city. In contrast, the Houthi's are backed by Iran, which is predominately Shia, with many describing the conflict as a proxy war between Iran and Saudi Arabia - the leading powers of the two differing interpretations of Islam. What now? On December 20, the fighting exceeded the 1,000 day mark, with American forces also becoming involved as they target Al-Qaeda fighters operating within Yemen. In July 2017, Houthi forces fired four missiles at a Saudi Arabian air force base. The Saudi's claimed the real target had been the holy city of Mecca and that they were able to shoot down the missiles. Recently, graphic videos have begun to surface from the Yemeni capital Sanaa where locals have gathered to witness public executions. In November 2017, missiles were fired at a major Middle Eastern airport used by thousands of Brits every year. The Saudi Arabian military shot down the missile, which was fired at King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh. And on December 19, a missile fired at Riyadh was shot down moments before it hit a royal palace. Saudi air defences intercepted a ballistic missile fired towards the city, Saudi-owned channel al-Arabiya reported in a news flash quoting a Saudi-led military coalition official. Co-workers at digital marketing agency www.digitalfjord.no are raising money to help people escaping the crisis in Yemen.